One of his disciples, Angad, was chosen by Nanak as his spiritual successor, and following Nanak’s death he assumed the leadership of the young Sikh community as Guru Angad. [23], Nanaki, Nanak's only sister, was five years older than him. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). References found in four of his hymns suggest that Nanak was present at attacks Babur (an invading Mughal ruler) launched on Saidpur and Lahore, so it seems safe to conclude that by 1520 he had returned from his travels and was living in the Punjab. Guru Nanak came out of his enlightening meditation at the Vein River with fervent zeal to spread what he said was inspiration from the ONE Creator. Bhai Gurdas, a scribe of the Guru Granth Sahib, also wrote about Nanak's life in his vars ('odes'), which were compiled some time after Nanak's life, though are less detailed than the janamsakhis. Universe … [17][18] His father, in particular, was the local patwari (accountant) for crop revenue in the village of Talwandi. In view of the size of the following that Nanak attracted, numerous anecdotes concerning the deeds of the Guru began to circulate within the community soon after his death. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Only one who gets oneself mixed with God i.e. "[44] Guru Nanak emphasised that all human beings can have direct access to God without rituals or priests. Here are five facts to help explain why millions still follow His teachings over 500 years since His birth. His religious ideas draw on both Hindu and Islamic thoughts, but are also unique in their own right. Among modern Sikhs he enjoys a particular affection as their founder and as the supreme master of Punjabi devotional hymnody. Sikhism does not subscribe to the theory of incarnation or the concept of prophet hood. Spiritual Attainment In Household: Guru Nanak was a house-holder. Born into a Hindu family in 15th century India, he started displaying signs of his greatness early on in childhood. It was presumably during this final period that the foundations of the new Sikh community were laid. A member of the Khatri (trading) caste and far from illiterate. Emeritus Professor of History, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Traductions en contexte de "guru nanak" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : Guru Nanak believed in community singing. and Chando Raṇi. This further suggests that he was born in the month of Baisakh (April), not Kartik (November). [8] These include the Puratan ('traditional' or 'ancient') janamsakhi, Miharban janamsakhi, Gyan-ratanavali by Bhai Mani Singh, and the Vilayat Vali janamsakhi. For one, it may have been the date of Nanak's enlightenment or "spiritual birth" in 1496, as suggested by the Dabestan-e Mazaheb. However, the writing style and language employed have left scholars, such as Max Arthur Macauliffe, certain that they were composed after his death. [25] Nanak moved to Sultanpur, and started working at the modikhana around the age of 16. His father was a member of a subcaste of the mercantile Khatri caste. 3. One popular janamsakhi was allegedly written by a close companion of the Guru, Bhai Bala. Of these two possibilities, the latter appears to be the more likely. [citation needed], As a young man,[i] C'est également la manière la plus rapide. It could be from our Parents, Friends, Colleagues etc. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Katak Pooranmashi ('full-moon of the Katak'), i.e. The predominant ideology of the Sant. Human body is also the Temple of God. Open today until 19:00. Guru Nanak was an Indian saint who founded Sikhism and became the first of the Sikh Gurus. We continue to learn each day . Real Estate Agent in PUNE . Nanak is said to have travelled far and wide across Asia teaching people the message of ik onkar (ੴ, 'one God'), who dwells in every one of his creations and constitutes the eternal Truth. Please join our FB group www.facebook.com/groups/basics­ofsikhi/ Who was Guru Nanak? For example, Callewaert and Snell (1994) state that early Sikh texts do not contain such stories. A verse authored by him states that he visited several places in "nau-khand" ('the nine regions of the earth'), presumably the major Hindu and Muslim pilgrimage centres. On the other hand, by the Kartik full moon day, the major Hindu festival of Diwali was already over, and the peasants—who had surplus cash from crop sales—were able to donate generously. [51] In the Sikh perspective, the everyday world is part of an infinite reality, where increased spiritual awareness leads to increased and vibrant participation in the everyday world. But when we sift through the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS), we meet the real Guru Nanak. [57][58][59], The Guru Granth Sahib is worshipped as the supreme authority of Sikhism and is considered the final and perpetual guru of Sikhism. [65][67], The roots of the Sikh tradition are perhaps in the sant-tradition of India whose ideology grew to become the Bhakti tradition. Guru Nanak est un personnage historique indien qui a vécu entre 1469 et 1539. Why? [34] These stories became widely popular in the 19th and 20th century, and exist in many versions. Neither the actual route nor the places he visited can be positively identified. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. They were married on 24 September 1487, in the town of Batala,[26] and would go on to have two sons, Sri Chand and Lakhmi Chand[25] (or Lakhmi Das). La moins chère est en bus, ce qui coûte 36€. Updates. Born in 1469, in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the first guru and founder of the Sikh religion – the fifth-largest religion in the world. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It also contains the traditions and teachings of thirteen Hindu Bhakti movement sants (saints) such as Ramananda , Namdev among others, and two Muslim saints namely Kabir and the Sufi Sheikh Farid . Nanak's teachings can be found in the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib, as a collection of verses recorded in Gurmukhi. Ceylon is a later addition, and later still the Guru is said to have traveled as far east as China and as far west as Rome. [21] According to such scholars, there are good reasons to doubt the claim that the author was a close companion of Guru Nanak and accompanied him on many of his travels. Religious Organization. [60], Many Sikhs believe that Guru Nanak's message was divinely revealed, as his own words in Guru Granth Sahib state that his teachings are as he has received them from the Creator Himself. I tell, because he himself is God (though Guru never says he is God). Posted on Jan 3, 2021 . All of them listened to the teachings expressed there in numerous devotional hymns intended for communal singing, many of which survive to this day. [citation needed] The janamsakhis suggest that Nanak visited the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya in 1510–11 CE. (, "Historically, Sikh religion derives from this, "Technically this would place the Sikh community's origins at a much further remove than 1469, perhaps to the dawning of the Sant movement, which possesses clear affinities to Guru Nanak's thought sometime in the tenth century. Nanak was born on 15 April 1469 at Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī village (present-day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) in the Lahore province of the Delhi Sultanate,[6][7] although according to one tradition, he was born in the Hindu month of Kartik (November; known later as Katak in Sikhism). Suddenly lightning flashed and thunder sounded as a few raindrops started to fall. [12] According to a superstition prevailing in contemporary northern India, a child born in the Kartik month was believed to be weak and unlucky, hence why the work states that Nanak was born in that month. [2] With this concept, he would set up a unique spiritual, social, and political platform based on equality, fraternal love, goodness, and virtue.[3][4][5]. [20], The concept of man as elaborated by Guru Nanak, states Mandair (2009), refines and negates the "monotheistic concept of self/God," where "monotheism becomes almost redundant in the movement and crossings of love. October–November. The birthplace of Guru Nanak has changed names over the centuries and has been known since his birth as Nankana, a town in Pakistan. Considered a religious innovator, Guru Nanak travelled across South Asia and Middle East to spread his teachings. [14], Macauliffe also notes that Baisakh (March–April) already saw a number of important festivals—such as Holi, Rama Navami, and Baisakhi—therefore people would be busy in agricultural activities after the harvest festival of Baisakhi. "Few Sikhs would mention these Indic texts and ideologies in the same breadth as the Sikh tradition, let alone trace elements of their tradition to this chronological and ideological point, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of India, List of places named after Guru Nanak Dev, "The First Master Guru Nanak (1469 - 1539)", "How Guru Nanak played a 'role' in Ayodhya verdict", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Adi Granth, or The Holy Scriptures Of The Sikhs; translated from the original Gurmukhī, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guru_Nanak&oldid=1000832949, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Punjabi (Western)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2021, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with failed verification from July 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 23:34. 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